“The Social Network”


As citizens of a more evolving,digital,and connected world we must consider the technological opportunities that lay ahead for those who do not have them.In a recent issue published by The Economist called “The World in 2016,” there are countless insights on the new changes politically and economically, but also the advancements in science and technology. One in particular was about worldwide internet access. After further researching this topic I discovered that this lofty goal may be achievable after all.

During the dawn of the internet age the web had become an academic tool to satisfy the human brain, however at the internet’s ‘finest hour’ it has become omnipresent benefit to those who can afford it. In regard to this statement, we must acknowledge the 57 % of people in the world that are still ‘unplugged’ from this use of a global communication network (aka: the internet). Hence, four tech giants ; Google, Facebook,SpaceX,and OneWeb are venturing on an unprecedented endeavor to unleash the power of solar energy infused with low-flying satellites to literally change the future of countries without internet.

Recognizing the magnitude of rural areas in developing countries as well as the high density many of these countries are provided with,will make this task all the more impregnable.However to change these poor circumstances, Google has launched a project called Project  Loon . The mission is to have “balloon powered internet for everyone.”But how? The tech behemoth is going to grid the planet with helium balloons almost strewn to each other. These are not your average hot air balloons found at a festival nearby going up a few inches in the air. Each one of them will contain a solar powered transceiver and the balloon itself will act as Wi-Fi access points used as signals to people like you and me hundreds of miles away.Google has established several telecommunications partnerships in order to have a celluar spectrum that is directly connected from your LTE enabled devices, these signals will be sent back down to a ‘global internet’ on planet earth.

Facebook has also taken the challenge to this grandiose global goal and will do so through the use of similar solar powered networks in drones instead of balloons. However these drones can be steered in the air , and will be ready for a large -scale test upcoming in 2016. Working alongside many aerospace and communication experts Facebook will hope to test internet access in the world through this drone in a few months actually.The engineering director, Yael Maguire stated in a recent interview “the plane will operate between 60,000ft (18km) and 90,000ft (27km) – above the altitude of commercial airplanes – so it would not be affected by weather.It will climb to its maximum height during the day, before gliding slowly down to its lowest ebb at night, to conserve power when its solar panels are not receiving charge.”

The two rising companies SpaceX (rocket firm),and OneWeb (satellite company), are aspiring to change the game and use low-flying satellites to provide better service and internet signal in a world already using satellite internet.Through the launch of obviously thousands of satellites respectively for each remote area there will be internet connection provided. However , these ‘satellite missions’ have already been tested and have failed before , but this first occurred when internet was a luxury not a requisite utility. Thus proving that Google and Facebook are once again ahead of the global interconnectivity game.

All in all, the notion of an even more connected world has come to be an unimaginable one. Citizens living in developing nations will truly feel its profound impact daily and more considerably for future generations if companies like Facebook and Google pull off this perplexing yet groundbreaking rendition through the innate virtuosity of technology and science fused into a single most notion of connectivity.


Trust…does it exist?

“Trust. It takes years to build and seconds to break.” The brilliantly accurate quote, by an unknown genius, represents how corrupt our world has become because of the lack of trust in mankind .

Trust is the foundation of any relationship, equally as important to building a house as to support a family. A hammer, used to concur the wood together when building a house, correlates to the communication needed to assure that both parties are on the same page when creating a trustworthy relationship. The nails, which the entire house relies on to hold the walls together, correlates to the promises being made in a trusting relationship. Finally, the walls which create a layout for the entire house, represents the honesty of each person existing in a trusting relationship. Whether it is in your social life or workplace, all these tools are necessary to build the trust you want with your companions. However, trust is beginning to diminish while betrayal is under the spotlight.

Cheating, lying, stealing, law breaking. They are all forms of betrayal. Perhaps this disloyalty is not only identified in people themselves, but also detected in a respected precedent, which should be encouraging right rather than wrong. The National Security Agency (NSA) illegally scrutinizes our phone calls without our consent. The issue, which arose in 2013 when Edward Snowden released information about the NSA collecting data of telephone conversations, live chats, emails, an
d search histories, angered many citizens who fought against this action, stating it violates their Fourth Amendment rights. Considering that the citizens of our nation assume that all of their Constitutional freedoms are protected, the government is betraying innocent residents of our country. Civilians expect privacy which our government promises in the Constitution. Through this act of inspecting personal information without approval illustrates a reason for citizens to not trust our “reliable”  government.

Believe it or not, the U.S. government is not the only one deceiving us. Our country’s acquaintance, Iraq is destroying the integrity between our countries. The Islamic State In Iraq, also known as ISIS, is a terrorist group intruding into other countries and killing an abundant amount of people. The latest outbreak of the aggressive hate group was on the 14th of November, 2015 in Paris, France. The shooting and bombings in Paris killed about 129 people and injured approximately 352. Major okterrorist groups such as this one provoke all of mankind and brings fear to all individuals because of the lack of trust between countries. Nations cannot trust their allies because they are too afraid of further barrage. People these days are taught to trust no one due to hate groups such as ISIS, which may strike and surprise anytime without any suspicion.

In this case, the hammer is used to break down all the walls of our home, keeping no promises. The nails, which hold our countries together, are not strong enough to retain the walls. Lastly, the support we obtain from the walls of our home are destructed through the dishonesty of other countries.

Our world endures betrayal. We must reestablish the trust we once had to improve humanity, complementary to the quote of obtaining trust and having it betrayed in the matter of seconds.



In the past 25 minutes, the world may have witnessed one of the biggest upsets in UFC history, as the famous Rowdy Ronda Rousey, the previously undefeated 12-0 bantamweight champion was dominated in a fight that went to the second round.

I watched this fight myself, and on a personal review of the fight, Rousey relied too much on her grappling experience as a Judo master, and left herself completely vulnerable to Holm’s wrath of punches and kicks. It was as if Ronda forgot how to block.


This teaches a valuable lesson about life: don’t refuse the glove touch in the beginning of the fight. If anyone asks you to touch gloves, touch them.


Suggestions? Requests? Feedback? Comment Below and let us know!

Pray for Paris

On November 13, 2015 a series of attacks unfolded in Paris that left the whole city and the rest of the world in devastation. It is reported that 3 separate teams carried out these attacks leaving nearly a 129 people dead.

The first attack took place around 9:20 PM outside the Stade de France where a soccer match between Germany and France was under way. Play was halted after the players and spectators heard a loud explosion outside the stadium. Two bodies were found, one who was believed to be that of the suicide bomber and the other, that of a nearby civilian.

The second attack took place just minutes later at a restaurant in Paris, Le Petit Cambodge. The restaurant was attacked by shooters driving by in a black van. This incident was followed by another explosion outside the stadium near a second entrance.

The attack on Le Petit Cambodge was just the beginning of a series of shootings at other restaurants in Paris including La Belle Equipe and La Bonne Biere. Into the later hours of the night, the Bataclan, a concert hall, was besieged by terrorists. This resulted in a major hostage situation and multiple deaths inside the Bataclan.

A few minutes past midnight, French forces fought back to take control of the Bataclan and freed the 100 hostages inside. Three of the terrorists are believed to have been killed by their own explosive devices.

The description of what the hostages witnessed while being held captive inside the concert venue is enough for one to realize that this night will never escape the minds of Parisians who became involved in this disaster. Across the world countries turned red, white, and blue to share the grief and solidify their support for all of France. President Obama rightfully so described the incident as an “attack on all humanity.” In these dark times, it is important for each of us to stand in solidarity with the French people and pray for their wellbeing.

That’s What It Takes

The book Outliers by Malcolm is a real treasure. This book just takes your past knowledge of the world and just warps it, flips it upside-down, and cuts it in half. It’s amazing how many misconceptions we can have of the world. Yet we lived in it for thousands of years, I feel like we are understanding it less and less… However, just in case some people want to be informed, I’ve read the book, processed the information, and am now regurgitating it for your reading pleasure or for your intellectual curiosity.

Once again, success is not all about individual traits! We all wonder, ‘Is there such thing as innate talent?’ Of course there is! But it’s not about how ‘smart’ you are or how ‘talented’ you are! I know it’s hard to understand, but it’s true! Your environment and all the factors around you decide first. In Outliers, it is mentioned that birth dates are much more important to success than many would think. Now I’m going to debunk the myth of the ‘natural’, a person who breezes the top without working hard.

In Malcolm Gladwell’s chapter ‘The 10,000-hour rule’, he provides an example of a study. The study featured students at Berlin’s elite Academy of Music. There were three groups of violinists: the first were the stars, the second were the “okay” ones, and the third were the “not so good” ones. You might be thinking, ‘The first group must be the one with talent!’. Really? It turns out, by the age of twenty, the elite performers totaled ten thousand hours of practice. The “okay” students totaled eight thousand hours, and the “not so good” students totaled four thousand hours. In fact, there were no “naturals”, people who succeeded without working, nor were there “grinds”, people who work hard, but fall short. It seems that practice really does make perfect. A LOT of practice, that is. The results were then compared to that of pianists. The same pattern emerged. The number 10,000 kept popping up. What’s so special about this number? Why is it that true mastery always seems to be linked with this number?

You all know Mozart, right? Child prodigy, he wrote his own music at the age of six! Many use him as an example to argue against the idea of hard work- that talent reigns supreme. However, it turns out that the earliest pieces by Mozart were mostly written by his father, and his childhood works were not all that original. Mozart’s greatest, finest work came when he wrote pieces for ten years! After his ten thousand hours! In fact, it might be possible that Mozart actually developed late! What?

Two examples of the ten-thousand hour rule: The Beatles and Bill Gates. The Beatles are the unanimous choice for the greatest band in the history of music. They were simply spectacular (I listen to some of their songs today!). Starting from February 1964 to 1970, Lennon, McCartney, Harrison, and Starr just TOOK OVER America! But do you want to know how long Lennon and McCartney had been playing together beforehand? Seven years! Even more, their past has some even more secrets. While the Beatles were still in Europe, and not that famous, they performed in Hamburg, Germany. They mostly played in strip clubs, so they got a lot of alcohol and sex, which is probably why they kept going there. The real kicker is this: They played eight hours a day, seven days a week. Holy smokes! That’s essentially performing twelve hundred times in a period of four years. They definitely hit ten-thousand hours by the time they came to America in 1964! 

Bill Gates used to be the President of Microsoft, and is currently the richest man in the world. Everybody knows that he was a good, if not great, programmer, but do they know how long he worked on his craft? Back in the 1960s, it was very difficult to find a computer that wasn’t larger than a full-sized room, but Gates did. In fact, when most people had to use these clunky, slow computers that required cards to execute commands, Bill Gates was about to do real-time programming at THIRTEEN! Over his school career, Gates just kept getting lucky, by getting opportunities to program ALL DAY LONG. He would sneak out of his house at night and just program away, and everybody around him probably wondered how he could have gotten so addicted. By the time he dropped out of Harvard and started Microsoft, he had been programming continuously for seven consecutive years. That’s MUCH more than ten-thousand hours! You know what they say, “You get out what you put in”. And Bill Gates got a lot! Therefore, it was his determination and grit and passion for computers which created his endless wealth.

Sometimes success is not what we always believe it to be.

Recap of ‘The Exodus’

Disintegrated clothing, trails of tears, turbulent childhoods- this is an everyday reality for the multiple Syrian refugees witnessing a war fought in front of their humble homes. The solution is escape. According to United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), over 3 million Syrians have fled to Syria’s neighbors Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq. However, the continent of Europe did not fully respond to this ‘exodus’ until the end of September, and many are beginning to question why.

Europe has closed its eyes far too long to the bloody civil war, and tried to keep the suffering of millions of Syrians outside of its iron doors. However, the forces of political and moral conscience suddenly knocked on these doors seeking for a response- a response to the 3-year old Kurd, whose life was claimed by the plight of this crisis. The image of this toddler reached the trenches of our hearts as it acted as a wake-up call to those who take freedom for granted. Nevertheless, Angela Merkel, the German chancellor, displayed her political role during this movement by setting aside a common fear of these migrants and replacing it with compassion and empathy. This was fulfilled when German crowds welcomed the resilient migrants with effervescent cheering and chanting. Hence, Germany, during this moment in history, remains an exemplar of hope and courage.

Although this triumphant moment is heart-warming, it raises serious economic and social problems within Europe. For example, Germans and other European nations will have their culture and traditions violently shaken by these ‘aliens’, and  have burdening economic outcomes, as well as sparks of dissonance within the populaces. However, there is heated debate on whether or not Europe should continue to build more barriers, or manage the pressure and risk of handling these migrants with hope for peace in society.The answer comes with a sense of a new perspective towards the migrants and their hosts.

Throughout history we can see that Syrians have “a well -founded fear of persecution”, and to help them is an evident moral duty Europe and the world must fulfill. Although Europe is enveloped by poverty and chaos across its borders, they must acknowledge the need for workers to pay and provide for the retirement of its citizens. The fundamental solution is the influx of migrants. However, to reach this grandiose goal of economic stability in a socialist society, Europeans need to start with the creation of a safe environment for the migrants. This means protected havens, funded UN agencies, and properly functioning education systems- not just roofs in the desert.

Regardless of the blurring social boundaries, the new dimension of morality Europe is witnessing everyday calls for significant changes in the world as a whole. However, this global reality cannot be achieved without adversity. Although many will say it has been more than a month since this crisis broke out, and the refugees are retreating back, we must not forget their profound suffering, their undeniable spirit, and their unconditional sadness leaving home. Along with the pain that is crushing, exquisite, and infinite, the pain causes them to tremble with fear. I deeply hope that when you look at another post of a Syrian refugee on “Humans of New York”, you will have the temerity to understand how it feels to be born in a different way than you are. One individual, European, African, or American can alter or even save a Syrian refugee’s life. Hence, we must acknowledge that human empathy fused with action can change lives in ways you can never imagine.

Is America in Danger?

There is a lot of talk about terrorism. After 2001, when the war on terrorism was declared, security in the U.S. had dramatically increased, and continues to do so.
But now it is reaching new extents. The U.S. has to be on the lookout for ISIS. Although this is well-known, recently, it is said that this aggressive group has been trying to breach through American cyber defense and attack the energy grid. There had been hack attempts at a conference of American energy firms on Wednesday. Although the exact details are not known, it is said that ISIS is behind it.
But looking at the positive side, the attempted break-ins have been completely unsuccessful. As of now, the ISIS group lacks the capabilities to do this kind of job. They hardly have the necessary sophisticated technology.
But what they lack in tools, they could very well make up in intent.
There is undoubtedly an option that they could simply buy the abilities.  The FBI is anxious over this idea. This terrorist organization, or its allies, could buy detrimental software to execute the plan. And of course this attack could range from minor to pretty severe. An attack on a power grid could very well shut down progress and businesses. This “mess-up” could interfere the flow of energy to our homes as well.
Unfortunately, this situation is not restricted to such radicals. Domestic groups could very well do the same. At the same time, it is important to remember the low probability of such events. It is difficult to go through with such a plan. It would take a very large group of advanced, knowledgeable, and highly qualified technicians as well as finesse in such matters to hack  the energy grid. And even if this does happen, it would most likely be in a small section of the area.

Broken Windows

What we think we understand about how people and their behavior operate is actually the opposite from the truth. Seems like a rather powerful statement right off the gate, right? Well, it’s important realize that the way people behave/act is less dependent on their “personality” or their “disposition”, but rather on the environment and context in which they are place in.

Let me explain.

Criminologists James Q. Wilson and George Kelling created a theory called the Broken Windows theory. They “argued that crime is the inevitable result of disorder. If a window is broken and left unrepaired, people walking by will conclude that no one cares and no one is in charge. Soon, more windows will be broken, and the sense of anarchy will spread from the building to the street on which it faces, sending a signal that anything goes. In a city, relatively minor problems like graffiti, public disorder, and aggressive panhandling, they write, are all the equivalent of broken windows, invitations to more serious crimes.” This excerpt is of course from Page 141 of The Tipping Point (The Power of Context (Part One)). This groundbreaking theory perfectly explains why crime could sometimes be “contagious”; it is a series of behaviors and poor decisions that can somehow be passed on through the minds of people and encourage others to partake in illegal activities. The chapter also talks about how the 1980s New York City crime epidemic was solved through a rather counter-intuitive plan. First, a man named David Gunn decided to stop one seemingly unimportant problem: graffiti. He thought that graffiti was an incentive for bad behavior, just like how a broken window can send a message of anarchy to an entire neighborhood. Gunn proceeded to set up a system which ensured that all trains in the New York Transit were completely “reclaimed”. He made sure that if any delinquents sprayed graffiti on the trains, “we’d walk over with rollers and paint it over. The kids would be in tears, but we’d just be going up and down, up and down. It was a message to them. If you want to spend three nights of your time vandalizing a train, fine. But it’s never going to see the light of day.” Why did Gunn do this? ‘Shouldn’t he be focusing on more serious crimes like murder or rape?’ you ask. But the truth is, graffiti basically sends as signal, a small expression of disorder that “allows” others to do even more serious crimes. The next step was to crack down on fare-beating, which means to not pay for using the subway system. Just like graffiti, fare-beating sends a signal to everyone else that “everything goes, no one will stop you”. Another man named William Bratton, who headed the transit police, “put as many as ten policemen in plainclothes at the turnstiles…The idea was to signal, as publicly as possible, that the transit police were now serious about cracking down on fare-beaters.” Cracking down on these small problems ended up turning around everything; the crime rate for New York City dropped tremendously. Thanks to the Broken Window Theory and the Power of Context, we can all feel safe in the New York subway knowing that someone won’t try to mug us.

But how does this apply to us? What does this tell us about how we can live our lives?  According to the Power of Context, our behavior is not affected by “who we are”, but rather “where we are”. For example, anyone, even a murderer, can be kind when everyone is treating him/her in a genial way, but anyone, even a saint, can get pissed off in a long line or in a traffic jam. So why do we characterize people despite the obvious conditions that they are put through? “In one experiment, for instance, a group of people are told to watch two sets of similarly talented basketball players, the first of whom are shooting baskets in a well-lighted gym and the second of whom are shooting baskets in a badly lighted gym (and obviously missing a lot of shots). Then they are asked to judge how good the players were. The players in the well-lighted gym were considered superior…There is something in all of us that makes us instinctively want to explain the world around us in terms of people’s essential attributes: he’s a better basketball player, that person is smarter than I am…The mistake we make in thinking of character as something unified and all-encompassing is very similar to a kind of blind spot in the way we process information. Psychologists call this tendency the Fundamental Attribution Error (FAE)…human beings invariably make the mistake of overestimating the importance of the situation and context. We will always reach for a “dispositional” explanation for events, as opposed to a contextual explanation.” Malcolm Gladwell states that character “…isn’t a stable, easily identifiable set of closely related traits, and it only seems that way because of a glitch in the way our brains are organized. Character is more like a bundle of habits and tendencies and interests, loosely bound together and dependent, at certain times, on circumstance and context.” He also talks about himself, saying that “I have a lot of fun at dinner parties. As a result, I throw a lot of dinner parties and my friends see me there and think that I’m fun. But I couldn’t have lots of dinner parties, if my friends instead tended to see me in lots of different situations over which I had little or no control – like, say, faced with four hostile youths in a filthy, broken-down subway – they probably wouldn’t think of me as fun anymore.”

What do I want us all to take away from all this? My main point is that character is not some “essential” trait that we’re all born with and can never change, rather, it is developed through habits and tendencies and can be easily manipulated through the context and situation you are in. So next time you want to judge someone as “mean”, “stupid”, or “weird”, try to imagine yourself in their situation, and you’ll learn to understand.

I want to leave you with one lasting impression which is almost guaranteed to convince you of the Power of Context. “In the early 1970s, a group of social scientists at Stanford University, led by Philip Zimbardo, decided to create a mock prison in the basement of the university’s psychology building…Seventy-five applied, and from those Zimbardo and his colleagues picked the 21 who appeared the most normal and healthy on psychological tests. Half of the group were chosen, at random, to be guards…the other half were told that they were to be prisoners…The purpose of the experiment was to try to find out why prisons are such nasty places. Was it because prisons are full of nasty people, or was it because prisons are such nasty environments that they make people nasty?…The guards, some of whom had previously identified themselves as pacifists, fell quickly into the role of hard-bitten disciplinarians…The guards…stripping them, spraying them with fire extinguishers…’There were times when we were pretty abusive, getting in their faces and yelling at them…It was part of the whole atmosphere of terror.’ …’It was completely the opposite from the way I conduct myself now…I think I was positively creative in terms of my mental cruelty.’ After 36 hours, one prisoner began to get hysterical, and had to be released. Four more then had to be released because of ‘extreme emotional depression, crying, rage, and acute anxiety.’ Zimbardo had originally intended to have the experiment run for two weeks. He called it off after six days….’I began to feel that I was losing my identity…I was 416. I was really my number and 416 was really going to have to decide what to do.’…Zimbardo’s conclusion was that there are specific situations so powerful that they can overwhelm our inherent predispositions. The key word here is situation. Zimbardo isn’t talking about environment, about the major external influences on all of our lives. He’s not denying that how we are raised by our parents affects who we are, or that the kind of schools we went to, the friends we have, or the neighborhoods we live in affect our behavior. All of these things are undoubtedly important…His point is simply that there are certain times and places and conditions when much of that can be swept away, that there are instances where you can take normal people from good schools and happy families and good neighborhoods and powerfully affect their behavior merely by changing the immediate details of their situation.”

Is this what society has come to? Or does economics prevail?

So the Dartmoor Hill Pony Association (DHPA) claims that by opening up a market for pony meat, we save them from the “tragedy of the commons.” According to DHPA, pony populations have declined from 25000 in the 1930s to less than 800 today. Ponies have been seen as common pool resource goods, meaning they have low excludability and high rivalry among consumers. As a result, no one values them as much as they should be valued. By opening up the pony market, DHPA claims, that consumers will value them more and thereby setting a price on ponies. And assuming a perfectly competitive market, it could help allocate the pony market more efficiently.

However, this is now a question, and one that many animal welfare groups like the ASPCA and other animal-lovers like some of you may be asking. Do ponies hold sentimental value? Is this an ethical market? What is the true cost that man is paying for ponies? Well, put it simply, all these questions simply fall under the same umbrella of Economics. The study of choices, the study of scarcity–limited resources but unlimited wants. That just by considering the true cost of paying for ponies, trying to efficiently allocate the pony market from its current situation as a common pool resource good, is no more different than, say, deciding when and how much to produce and when to stop.

Economics is ubiquitous. We are simply driven by our own self-interests, and that in the long run, markets tend toward equilibrium. So, when the market is allocated inefficiently, it is our responsibilities to bring it back to the efficient allocation.


  1. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/11119194/Eat-ponies-to-save-them-says-charity.html

How Much Do We Know About Coffee?

Coffee; Some people hate it whereas others cannot bear to live without it. Starbucks has made about $16 billion this past year and it has America’s addiction to coffee to thank. However, how much do we really know about coffee? We know that it gives us a boost of energy in the morning with all of that caffeine stored but apart from that, does it truly help us or is it actually harming our bodies?

As you probably expected by my previous sentence, coffee does not only provide benefits. Instant coffee and coffee passed through a paper filter have no bad effect on us but let’s face it, most of us love the sugary flavors added to our favorite drink. It is the added ingredients that are high in cafestol, which in turn raises cholesterol levels.

For pregnant women, coffee cannot be their best friend. This drink can cause miscarriages and low birth weight. Fetuses cannot metabolize caffeine in their stage of development, so it is encouraged for women to limit their caffeine intake while pregnant.

Thankfully, we can easily say that coffee provides us with some health benefits that most people would have never thought of. For older adults, coffee can help keep off Alzheimer’s disease for a longer period of time. It prolongs the cognitive impairment that leads to Alzheimer’s, therefore beneficial to the body.

Another disease, Parkinson’s disease, can be of lower risk to those who drink coffee. Men who drink coffee have a lower risk since the caffeinated drink prevents the nerve cells that produce dopamine from dying, which is the cause of Parkinson’s. Among women, it is slightly more complicated. Women that do not take any additional hormones are also of lower risk to Parkinson’s disease, but the women that take hormones do not receive the same benefit.

It also may lower the risk of most non-melanoma skin cancers, especially the most serious type, malignant melanoma. That is definitely something to celebrate about. There were studies that proved that coffee drinkers who had about four cups of coffee a day had a twenty percent lower risk of getting skin cancer than those who did not drink coffee whatsoever. However, there was another study that proved that decaffeinated coffee did not provide the same protection to people compared to caffeinated coffee.

Coffee can lower the risk of people getting one of the top ten health diseases: Type 2 Diabetes. Here is the surprise: it has nothing to do with the caffeine. Both decaf and caffeinated coffee help lower the risk, which means that there is something else that helps prevent Type 2 Diabetes. Scientists predict that the helping agent is chlorogenic acid, which is an antioxidant.  

For those who have low blood pressure, coffee can help. It increases blood pressure, but fortunately it has no link to hypertension. However, it is still advised that those with high blood pressure switch to decaf to be sure.

Mentally, coffee benefits us tremendously. Apart from giving us a boost of energy, studies show that, among women, regular coffee drinkers have a lower risk for depression.

So obviously, we can say that the benefits of coffee outweigh the harmful effects. Starbucks may resume their daily sales of the addictive drink with its various complicated names.


“Health Perks of Coffee.” CBSNews. CBS Interactive, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.

“10 Most Common Health Diseases.” LIVESTRONG.COM. LIVESTRONG.COM, 26 June 2010. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.

ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.